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Photography Composition Techniques

Photography Composition and Techniques


If you are hoping to achieve the most pleasing photograph to the eye, it is essential to know a little about composition and how this can affect the quality of your photos.

A photo that lacks good structure will appear dull and require a center of interest to draw in the viewer’s eye.

On the other hand, a picture with excellent composition is pleasing to the eye and likely to be one that you will look at twice.

Think of all the shots you have taken over the years. The photos that you have thrown out, or deleted, are more than likely the ones without a focal point and lacking in proper composition.

Digital cameras in auto mode tend to focus on what is in the middle of the frame. This feature has caused a lot of amateur photographers to shoot photos with the main subject in the center of the picture to ensure it is in focus.

Unfortunately, shooting your question in this way does not produce the most exciting photo.

Here are some photography composition techniques you should know;



Perspective photo

Photo by Tony Webster


Under the vital photography composition techniques we have, this is a critical part of photography that requires a lot of attention. Your perspective is more about the direction at which a shot is taken from it can also be called a point of view.

Good shots can be made from the different side of an object; this includes the left side of an object, right, above, below and frontal view.

When you take a shot from below and object it, usually appear stronger to the viewer, but the reverse is the case when you make a shot from the top of an object, that way the object appears smaller.

A picture taken from the left or right side of an object can often be regarded as pure and can sometimes be unprofessional due to its complexity.

It is better to continue practicing this part as a starter until you are able to master it.

You can practice your skills by placing your object in a specific position and then try taking shots from different angles.

In doing so, you are able to get various shots with a distinct, appealing impression on viewers.

This practice will develop in you the ability to take the most appropriate shots at different occasions.


Use shapes and lines to attract the eyes of the central spot


What makes you a good photographer is your ability to make people see what you want them to see from your shots? So you should learn to concentrate on the most important things that you want to capture and make sure that your primary object is centralized.

You can also command attention to a different purpose by introducing more sharpness to it.

Choosing where you place your shapes in your photo is very important.

The form does not mean that you are omitting details but using the available surrounding to magnify your object.

Always make sure you consider your shapes and lines when you are composing your picture.


Frame your picture


Framing photography composition techniques help photographer attracts attention to the subject matter in the photograph by obstructing other parts of the image with something in the scene.

Framing is a photography strategy that helps to put your subject in the foreground and adds dimension to the overall photograph.

It dynamically creates a visual reference and guides the eye to focus on a specific point for a more extended amount of time.

An architectural archway, surrounding trees, or a window frame are examples of blockers used in a photograph to attract the eye to the foreground image.


Subject to background harmony Your goal should be to extract emotion

The background should support the objects in your foreground and vice versa while supporting your overall message.

The context should play a role in helping the subject in your front while enhancing its key attributes and overall message.

For example, two kids walking along a path may be increased by the surroundings of flowering Lavenders.


Rule of thirds

rule of thirds

Photo by Sonnie Hiles


This is among the photography composition techniques we should have in mind.

Imagine that your viewfinder is divided into 9 equal squares using three horizontal lines and three vertical lines.

The rule of thirds says that you have to try and position your focal point at the intersection of one of these nine imaginary lines.

Another way to look at it is that one-third of the picture should be the subject and the other two thirds should be background.

For instance, if you are shooting a beach shot, you could position sand and your main topics like a child at play in the lower third of the picture, and the horizon in the upper two thirds.

Following this guideline will add interest and balance to your photo.

Take a look of your favorite shots, and you will find that that the best ones follow this rule of composition.

Mostly the most important thing to remember is to make sure that your subject is not in the center of the photograph.

You will find that putting the issue off center and lined up with one of the nine grid lines, will create much more pleasing photos.



When you apply this rule and have placed your subject to the left or right of the frame, a good trick is to balance the weight of the item with a smaller matter on the opposite side.

This avoids having empty spaces in your photos and adds more interest. If you find you have taken a picture without initially applying the rule of thirds, you can use the law when cropping your photo. Experiment with this on your computer, and you will find you can achieve surprising results and entirely change the look of your photos.

Practicing this skill will help your eye become accustomed to the rule of thirds, and make it easier to apply when you are actually taking the pictures.

Take your time and experiment with these photography composition techniques.

The more you practice and apply these techniques, the more creativity you will see in your final image.

Most important be patient, creativity takes time to flow, but when it does, you will start to see a style of your own that sets your photos apart from the bland.

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Thank you for all the great tips, I will definitely use some of these on my next photo shoot!
My son is a budding photographer and will really enjoy reading this too.

Nkhosingiphile Simelane

Thanks for the insights , this is really helpful to me … now i can take very good photos. Tour tricks are very helpful.


Yuji – thanks for the post.
I have a bridge camera and have found that if you center the object in the frame and press the shutter button half way down then move the camera – without letting go of the button. You can compose you picture with the main object off center.
But as you say it is practice that will make you automatically ‘become good’ at composing pictures. being able to ‘see’ what the camera ses rather than what we see is a skill to be learnt.


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